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2019年江苏成人高考高起专英语复习资料(六)

2019-09-27 09:16:22   来源:江苏成考网    点击:
作者:王老师
  Professor Stephen Hawking Professor Stephen Hawking is a sufferer of motor neurone disease. The effects of this disease mean that he is unable to speak, breathe or move without the help of a machine. Stephen Hawking is not internationally famous for his illness, but for his scientific work which has won him numerous awards. In this article, we look at the life of an amazing man who has been called 'the greatest genius of the late 20th century.' Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on 8th January 1942. He went to school in St Albans -- a small city near London. Although he did well, he was never top of his class. After leaving school, Hawking went first to Oxford University where he studied Physics, then he went to Cambridge University where he studied cosmology a study of the origin of the universe). As he himself admits, he wasn't very serious about studying. He was a very lazy student, and did very little work. However, he still achieved extremely good marks. It was at the age of 20 that Hawking first noticed something was wrong with him. He started to bump into things, and once or twice fell over for no reason. When he visited his family at Christmas time, his father was so worried that he made him see a doctor. Hawking was sent to hospital for tests. Finally, the results came back. Hawking had motor neurone disease, an incurable illness which causes the muscles of the body to waste away. Doctors said he would die before he was 23. At first, Hawking became extremely depressed. After a while, though, he began to see his life in a different light. As he later wrote,' Before my illness had been diagnosed, I had been very bored with life. There had not seemed to be anything worth doing. But shortly after I came out of hospital ... I suddenly realized that there were a lot of worthwhile things I could do' Hawking married, found a job at Cambridge University, and had three children. He also went on to do some of the most important scientific research ever carried out. Today, Hawking still works at Cambridge University. He strongly believes that his story shows that nobody, however bad their situation is, should lose hope. 'Life is not fair' he once said .'You just have to do. the best you can in the situation you are in' [共10题]

  (1) As a university student, Stephen Hawking...

  (A) worked extremely hard

  (B) studied Maths and Chemistry

  (C) was lazy and did very little work.

  (D) only achieved average marks

  正确答案:C

  (2) Hawking first noticed something was wrong with him when ...

  (A) he visited his family at Christmas time one year

  (B) he was 20.

  (C) his father made him see a doctor.

  (D) he was sent to hospital for tests.

  正确答案:B

  (3) Motor neurone disease ...

  (A) is not a serious illness

  (B) causes the muscles of the body to grow bigger.

  (C) cannot be cured

  (D) only affects people under the age of 23.

  正确答案:C

  (4) When Hawking was first diagnosed with motor neurone disease, he ...

  (A) began to see his life in a different way

  (B) became very bored with life.

  (C) decided that nothing in life was worth doing

  (D) became very depressed.

  正确答案:D

  (5) it's OK to lose hope.

  (A) works at Oxford University

  (B) works at Cambridge University

  (C) carries out research into motor neurone disease

  (D) does not rely on a machine to speak.

  正确答案:B

  (6) Hawking believes that ...

  (A) you should always do your best however bad your situation is

  (B) life is fair.

  (C) nobody's life is as bad as his

  (D) it's OK to lose hope.

  正确答案:A

  (7) admits means

  (A) recognize as truth (B) says

  (C) lies about (D) tells of

  正确答案:A

  (8) worthwhile means

  (A) interested (B) valuable (C) sensible (D) happy

  正确答案:B

  (9) light means

  (A) lamp (B) direction (C) way (D) breaks

  正确答案:C

  (10) waste away means

  (A) disappear (B) grow more powerful

  (C) grow weaker and weaker (D) grow stronger

  正确答案:C

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